Abstract: The Knowledge Within: Pregnant and Postpartum Women
Mentor: Dr. Robin Pickering, Physical Education, Health and Recreation
Various studies have indicated that excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with healthcomplications. According to Galtier-Dereure et al. (2000), obesity was recognized as a risk factor for: diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease during pregnancy more than 50 years ago. Research indicates that certain racial groups need even more education in the areas of weight gain, nutritional intake, and health behaviors as they are more likely to have less nutrition knowledge (Boulanger, Perez-Escamilla, Himmelgreen, Segura-Millan, & Halademan, 2002; Papakonstantinou, Hargrove, Huang, Crawley, & Canolty, 2002; Parmenter, Waller, & Wardle, 2000). This literature review will draw attention to non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic in identifying if certain subgroups (SES, ethnicity, age) are more likely to have access to accurate information regarding weight gain, nutritional intake, and health behaviors. Given that non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women are more likely to have lower nutrition knowledge and greater postpartum weight retention; a possible correlation could exist between level of knowledge regarding caloric intake and excess or insufficient weight gain demonstrating a need for future research (Nuss, Freeland-Graves, Clarke, Klohe-Lehman, & Milani, 2007). Additional individualized intervention programs need to be accessible for pregnant and postpartum women based that there are differences between these women in the areas of SES, race, ethnicity, current dietary habits, and beliefs.
12th Annual EWU Student Research and Creative Works Symposium: May 20, 2009
U North Texas McNair Conference and Graduate School Fair; Feb. 20-22, 2009
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