Abstract: Fear Reactions in Male and Female College Students as a Result of Abuse History
Mentor: Dr. Kayleem Islam-Zwart
Fear involves feelings of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger (The American Heritage Dictionary of The English Language, 2000). Some researchers consider fear to be risk (i.e. people's estimate of their probability of being victimized), while others distinguish between risk and feelings of anxiety about that risk. (Riger & Gordon, 1981). Fear can cause strong psychological and physiological reactions within a person. Fear can be experienced either consciously or unconsciously, and be expressed both verbally and non-verbally (McMullen, 1990). Through its function to act as warning of possible danger, fear affects all areas of human functioning. As such, fear is considered a natural response that creates safeguards and teaches to be cautious.
WA State Psychological Conference/Seattle: Oct. 1-3, 2004
13th McNair WI Conference & Grad Fair 11/5-7/2004
8th Annual Research & CW Symposium, EWU, May 18, 2005
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